an eagle flying over a gorge The only limits are those of vision.

Richard Turner's Home Page

Last updated September 05, 2020

Welcome to my web site. The primary purpose of this site is to offer some help to other blind or visually impaired people. There are a few things of interest to others, I hope.

So, below you will find links to some resources, quotations, musicians and whatever else I decide to add. I hope you find something interesting and possibly even useful.

In case you are wondering why I have "42" in the name of my web site. It isn't that there were 41 turner.coms ahead of me. My favorite number is 42, thanks to the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. I have a small sound sample from the BBC Radio version of the book: answer.mp3

an eagle in flight
"The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy has this to say on the subject of flying.
There is an art, it says, or rather, a knack to flying. The knack lies in learning how to throw yourself at the ground and miss."
--Douglas Adams, from Life, The Universe and Everything, p.59

iDevices from Apple

In November of 2009, I purchased my first iPod Touch 64GB. I liked the idea of having a built-in screen reader, PDA functionality, as well as a music and audio book player. I am now using the iPhone SE daily and loving it!

For those who are not familiar with the iDevices, the first accessible iPod Touch was the Third Generation, which came out in late 2009. They were the 32 GB and 64GB models. They have Voice Over built-in, which is the Apple Screen Reader. Most of the apps (short for applications) that come from Apple are quite accessible with Voice Over.

iOS Gestures and Keyboard Commands

Here are Word and a couple Excel files of the VoiceOver gestures and keyboard/braille commands, mostly from the iOS user guide. I added the common braille commands for VoiceOver on the Mac. I've included the new Voice Control commands list.

Useful Apps

I used to teach the Apple iDevices at my job as a Rehabilitation Instructor for the Blind. I believe the Apple devices are the best accessible device going right now and I have compiled a list of apps that have been tested with VoiceOver. Below is a link to the list which I hope to keep updated fairly regularly.
Useful Apps

Voice Dream Reader Overview

Voice Dream Reader is my favorite app for reading books and other file types. I am putting this here because Voice Dream is also one of the more powerful apps and can be a little daunting at first. My overview is just that, an overview to help someone get a handle on the layout and some basic functions. It is in a word document and can be downloaded by right clicking the link and choosing save as.


Scanning Stands

In case you are interested in the different scanning stands available for use with OCR apps, here is a list of currently available stands: Scanning Stands

Audio Description resources

The American council of the Blind maintains the most up-to-date list of programs with Audio Description (also known as Video Description.) Here are some direct links to some popular lists.

Disney Plus titles with description Apple TV Plus shows with Audio Description Broadcast TV with Audio Description Movies in the theater or on DVD with audio Description Netflix shows with audio Description

Other resources for Audio Description

Blind Mice Mega Mall Movie Vault

Once you have established a free account you can go directly to the Movie Vault where they have MP3 files of movie soundtracks with audio description.
To create an account, go to their main page: Then, you can use the next link to go directly to the movie vault. Note, you will have to login but then you will be on the movie vault page.
Blind Mice Movie Vault

Most TV's now have the ability to turn on the Audio Description channel, often it is the Secondary Audio Programing feature under the audio controls. If your TV does not have that, check with your cable company about how to access their content with audio description.

If you are an xFinity customer you can call their accessibility help desk: 855-270-0379

If you have an iPhone, go to Settings, General, Accessibility. In the section titled Media, you can enable Subtitles and Captioning. Only enable that if you want VoiceOver reading the captions. The next item is Audio Descriptions, it defaults to off, double tap to turn it on using VoiceOver. This way, things you stream with audio description should play the audio description automatically. Some services will require you to select description from the audio controls within their app.

Here are some links related to Apple products that you may find helpful:

UEB Punctuation

I have put together a list of most of the UEB punctuation in more or less alphabetical order. If you right click on the following link and choose save as, you can save the .brf file to use on your braille device.


Orbit Reader 20 manual in brf

I took the word document from the Orbit Research web site and converted it to UEB braille with Braille Blaster. To download it, right click on the link and select save as, otherwise it will try and open it. Here is the file:

Hadley Institute for the Blind Instructional Videos

Hadley has been adding a lot to their instructional videos. The link below will take you to their videos page where you will find videos on topics like:

  • iPhone and iPad
  • Android
  • MS Windows
  • MS Office
  • Apple Watch
  • Apple TV
  • Exploring the Mac
  • Swift Playgrounds
  • Digital Talking Book Player
Hadley Instructional Videos

Apple Related Books

A man named Michael Fier, has written a book to help someone from the very beginning with no experience with Apple devices, through to a pretty complete understanding of the iOS system and the use of VoiceOver. He has made it available in many formats on his Blog, but here is a link to an ePub version of his book that will work in Voice Dream Reader or any ePub reader, followed by a link to his blog.
PersonalPower-The-iOSEdition.epub Michael Fier's blog where you can get the file in Word, ePub, PDF, or RTF formats

The National Braille Press has a page with all of their Apple related books listed in one place. Here are a few titles:

  • "Getting Started with iOS 9 and the iPhone" by Anna Dresner
  • Anyone Can Play: Accessible Games for the iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch , edited by Judith Dixon, $12.00
  • iOS 9 Without the Eye , by Jonathan Mosen, $19.95
NBP Apple Products

iOS Access for All by Shelly Brisbin is another excellent book that covers all aspects of the accessibility features on Apple products: iOS Access for All web site


iPhone X Ringtone

Here are two links to the M4R file of the new iPhone X Ringtone. First, is an MP3 version so you can play it easily, then, a direct link to the M4R version, if you want to download it, you will need to right click and select Save Target As.

Go Cubs Go RingTone

In honor of the Chicago Cubs winning the 2016 World Series, I clipped out part of the Steve Goodman song, "Go Cubs Go" and saved it as a Ringtone for iOS. Right click on the zip file to save it on your computer, then unzip it and add it to iTunes:

Tones from the Galaxy S6 converted to m4r for iDevices

On the VIPhone Users List, mark Taylor posted a link to get the tones provided by The Android site which contains the link to the original .ogg files used on the Android phones. I have converted those original files to m4r format for use on the Apple devices. But, I want to give credit to the Android Soul web site for providing these files.

The m4r versions are in the zip file "" available here: The original ogg files are available here: The Android Soul download

Windows Related items

Orbit Reader 20 Jaws Commands

If you have the Orbit Reader 20 braille display and have a hard time finding the Jaws commands to use it with Jaws, Here they are in a table: OrbitReader20JawsCommands.html


I put the Jaws Laptop Keystrokes into an Excel file as I personally find this a more accessible format than in the Jaws help topic.
Here is the Excel file:

Narrator Keyboard Commands

Here is a link to a Word .docx file of the Narrator Keyboard Commands, Touch Gestures and Scan Mode.

Chrom Browser Tutorial for Jaws by David Moore

Here is a word document formatted with headings of David Moore's excellent tutorial on using the Chrome Browser with Jaws.

Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows 10

Here is a Word Document that uses Tables and Headings for the extensive list of keyboard shortcuts from the Microsoft support page.

WordWeb Pro

Wordweb is a dictionary that you can have running in the background to make it easy to look up definitions, synonyms, etc., from just about anywhere on your computer. It is very screen reader friendly. Check it out at:
It is also available for iOS or Android, search the App Store or Google Play store for Wordweb.

Accessible Games

Below will be a link to some of my favorite games, but before that, in memory of Jim Kitchen, I converted many of the commercials he used in his games to ringtone files for anyone who might want them. They are mostly from the Baseball game, my personal favorite.
Jim Kitchens

Accessible games Here you can read about some of my favorite accessible games.


Quotations Here you can read some of my favorite quotations.


I received a variation on the old Abbott and Costello "who's on first" routine a few years ago. I decided to produce it with different speech synthesizers using Window-Eyes and GoldWave. The link below will play the mp3 file. Enjoy.
Hu's in China.mp3
Here is the text version in an MS-Word document: Hu's_in_China.doc



I recently learned that the OPTACON has an active users' list, places to repair them, and a movement to get a new OPTACON type machine created. If you are interested, here is some information.

OPTACON Repair in the U.S.

Richard Oehm
Oehm Electronics
SAN JOSE, CA 95122-3617
Tel: 408-971-6250
FAX: 408-271-9188


To subscribe to the OPTACON users' list, send an e-mail with the word subscribe in the subject to:
optacon-l-request at
by replacing the word "at" with the @ (at) sign.

Bible Study Resources

A few years ago, I discovered a Ministry that is providing a vast array of Bible Translations, study materials and reading materials for free to print disabled people. It is called Optasia Ministry. Here is a partial quote from his web site:

Our Vision:
We aim to provide resources that will help equip Christians with disabilities to serve in Christ's church.

We provide biblical study tools and other ministry resources in a digital form that can be read by screen reading computer software, giving persons with visual disabilities access to materials that are not usable for them in print form. A list of available material is listed on our web site or is available by contacting us.

Because we are operating under the Chafee Amendment of the US copyright law we are able to provide copyrighted material free to those who qualify for our services. Those wishing to receive our material will be asked to affirm that they have a visual disability or other disability that necessitates the use of the alternative formatted documents we provide.

Optasia Ministry web site

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