an eagle flying over a gorge The only limits are those of vision.

Richard Turner's Home Page

Last updated July 5, 2020

Welcome to my web site. The primary purpose of this site is to offer some help to other blind or visually impaired people. There are a few things of interest to others, I hope.

So, below you will find links to some resources, quotations, musicians and whatever else I decide to add. I hope you find something interesting and possibly even useful.

In case you are wondering why I have "42" in the name of my web site. It isn't that there were 41 turner.coms ahead of me. My favorite number is 42, thanks to the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. I have a small sound sample from the BBC Radio version of the book: answer.mp3

an eagle in flight
"The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy has this to say on the subject of flying.
There is an art, it says, or rather, a knack to flying. The knack lies in learning how to throw yourself at the ground and miss."
--Douglas Adams, from Life, The Universe and Everything, p.59

iDevices from Apple

In November of 2009, I purchased my first iPod Touch 64GB. I liked the idea of having a built-in screen reader, PDA functionality, as well as a music and audio book player. I am now using the iPhone SE daily and loving it!

For those who are not familiar with the iDevices, the first accessible iPod Touch was the Third Generation, which came out in late 2009. They were the 32 GB and 64GB models. They have Voice Over built-in, which is the Apple Screen Reader. Most of the apps (short for applications) that come from Apple are quite accessible with Voice Over.

iOS Gestures and Keyboard Commands

Here are Word and a couple Excel files of the VoiceOver gestures and keyboard/braille commands, mostly from the iOS user guide. I added the common braille commands for VoiceOver on the Mac. I've included the new Voice Control commands list.

Useful Apps

At my job, I teach the Apple iDevices as the best accessible device going right now and I have compiled a list of apps that have been tested with VoiceOver. Below is a link to the list which I hope to keep updated fairly regularly.
Useful Apps

Voice Dream Reader Overview

Voice Dream Reader is my favorite app for reading books and other file types. I am putting this here because Voice Dream is also one of the more powerful apps and can be a little daunting at first. My overview is just that, an overview to help someone get a handle on the layout and some basic functions. It is in a word document and can be downloaded by right clicking the link and choosing save as.


Scanning Stands

In case you are interested in the different scanning stands available for use with OCR apps, here is a list of currently available stands: Scanning Stands

UEB Punctuation

I have put together a list of most of the UEB punctuation in more or less alphabetical order. If you right click on the following link and choose save as, you can save the .brf file to use on your braille device.


Orbit Reader 20 manual in brf

I took the word document from the Orbit Research web site and converted it to UEB braille with Braille Blaster. To download it, right click on the link and select save as, otherwise it will try and open it. Here is the file:

Hadley Institute for the Blind Instructional Videos

Hadley has been adding a lot to their instructional videos. The link below will take you to their videos page where you will find videos on topics like:

  • iPhone and iPad
  • Android
  • MS Windows
  • MS Office
  • Apple Watch
  • Apple TV
  • Exploring the Mac
  • Swift Playgrounds
  • Digital Talking Book Player
Hadley Instructional Videos

Apple Related Books

A man named Michael Fier, has written a book to help someone from the very beginning with no experience with Apple devices, through to a pretty complete understanding of the iOS system and the use of VoiceOver. He has made it available in many formats on his Blog, but here is a link to an ePub version of his book that will work in Voice Dream Reader or any ePub reader, followed by a link to his blog.
PersonalPower-The-iOSEdition.epub Michael Fier's blog where you can get the file in Word, ePub, PDF, or RTF formats

The National Braille Press has a page with all of their Apple related books listed in one place. Here are a few titles:

  • "Getting Started with iOS 9 and the iPhone" by Anna Dresner
  • Anyone Can Play: Accessible Games for the iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch , edited by Judith Dixon, $12.00
  • iOS 9 Without the Eye , by Jonathan Mosen, $19.95
NBP Apple Products

iOS Access for All by Shelly Brisbin is another excellent book that covers all aspects of the accessibility features on Apple products: iOS Access for All web site


iPhone X Ringtone

Here are two links to the M4R file of the new iPhone X Ringtone. First, is an MP3 version so you can play it easily, then, a direct link to the M4R version, if you want to download it, you will need to right click and select Save Target As.

Go Cubs Go RingTone

In honor of the Chicago Cubs winning the 2016 World Series, I clipped out part of the Steve Goodman song, "Go Cubs Go" and saved it as a Ringtone for iOS. Right click on the zip file to save it on your computer, then unzip it and add it to iTunes:

Tones from the Galaxy S6 converted to m4r for iDevices

On the VIPhone Users List, mark Taylor posted a link to get the tones provided by The Android site which contains the link to the original .ogg files used on the Android phones. I have converted those original files to m4r format for use on the Apple devices. But, I want to give credit to the Android Soul web site for providing these files.

The m4r versions are in the zip file "" available here: The original ogg files are available here: The Android Soul download

Here are some links related to Apple products that you may find helpful:

Windows Related items

Orbit Reader 20 Jaws Commands

If you have the Orbit Reader 20 braille display and have a hard time finding the Jaws commands to use it with Jaws, Here they are in a table: OrbitReader20JawsCommands.html


I put the Jaws Laptop Keystrokes into an Excel file as I personally find this a more accessible format than in the Jaws help topic.
Here is the Excel file:

Narrator Keyboard Commands

Here is a link to a Word .docx file of the Narrator Keyboard Commands, Touch Gestures and Scan Mode.

Chrom Browser Tutorial for Jaws by David Moore

Here is a word document formatted with headings of David Moore's excellent tutorial on using the Chrome Browser with Jaws.

Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows 10

Here is a Word Document that uses Tables and Headings for the extensive list of keyboard shortcuts from the Microsoft support page.

WordWeb Pro

Wordweb is a dictionary that you can have running in the background to make it easy to look up definitions, synonyms, etc., from just about anywhere on your computer. It is very screen reader friendly. Check it out at:
It is also available for iOS or Android, search the App Store or Google Play store for Wordweb.

Accessible Games

Below will be a link to some of my favorite games, but before that, in memory of Jim Kitchen, I converted many of the commercials he used in his games to ringtone files for anyone who might want them. They are mostly from the Baseball game, my personal favorite.
Jim Kitchens

Accessible games Here you can read about some of my favorite accessible games.


Quotations Here you can read some of my favorite quotations.


I recently received a variation on the old Abbott and Costello "who's on first" routine. I decided to produce it with different speech synthesizers using Window-Eyes and GoldWave. The link below will play the mp3 file. Enjoy.
Hu's in China.mp3
Here is the text version in an MS-Word document: Hu's_in_China.doc


Braille EDGE 40 v1.1 Firmware Update

Updating your Braille EDGE 40

1. Download the ZIP file from the link below.
2. Extract the ZIP file. You will see a single .bin file: B40NK_170307.bin.
3. Copy this .bin file to the root of a SD card.
4. Insert the SD card into the Braille EDGE 40.
5. Hold down "F8" and press and release the "reset" button. (NOTE: It is NOT necessary to hold down reset.)
6. Continue holding "F8" until the Braille EDGE 40 speaks, "Start system update".
7. The Braille EDGE 40 plays progress sounds to indicate that something is happening.
8. The Braille EDGE 40 says, "Update Success" and then restarts itself after 10 seconds.
You can download the Braille EDGE 40 updated firmware here,
Check to make sure the Braille EDGE 40 is running Firmware Version 1.1 Build 20170307 by doing the following:
1. From the Main Menu, use the SPACEBAR repeatedly until you get to "Information".
2. Press "ENTER" to open this screen.
3. Press "SPACE-DOT 4" twice. This will display the version and build you are running.

This latest release for the Braille EDGE 40 contains the following new features and enhancements:
  • Expanded UEB Support,
  • Test Mode (for testing braille cells),
  • Exam Mode,
  • Typing Mode,
  • and enhanced JAWS support.

Expanded UEB Support

The Braille EDGE 40 already supported the use of UEB in the Notepad application. Now UEB can also be used in the Braille EDGE 40 menus and prompts.
1. Go to the Options Menu on the Braille EDGE 40.
2. Scroll to "Braille for Message" or press the letter "G".
3. There are five options: US Uncontracted Braille, US Contracted Braille, UEB Uncontracted Braille, UEB Contracted Braille, and Computer Braille. Press "SPACEBAR" to cycle through the options and press "ENTER" to save.
To change the default grade of Braille used in the Notepad:
1. Go to the Options Menu on the Braille EDGE 40.
2. Scroll to "Braille For Notepad Grade" or press the letter N.
3. There are five options: US Uncontracted Braille, US Contracted Braille, UEB Uncontracted Braille, UEB Contracted Braille, and Computer Braille. Press "SPACEBAR" to cycle through the options and press "ENTER" to change.
Test Mode
This feature is useful when testing Braille cells for weak dots.
1. To enter Test Mode, press "SPACE+BACKSPACE+ENTER+T" from anywhere in the Braille EDGE 40 Program Menu.
2. Individual pins will move up and down on the display starting with dot1 in cell 1, moving to DOT2 in CELL1, etc.
3. Press "SPACE" to pause or resume Test Mode.
4. While paused, pressing the cursor router above any cell will cause all pins in that cell to be displayed.
5. Also while paused, press any individual dot or function key on the Braille EDGE 40 and see its corresponding function.
6. Press "SPACE+Z" to exit Test Mode.
Typing Mode
Typing Mode has been available on the Braille Sense for many years. Now this function comes to the Notepad on the Braille EDGE 40. While in Typing Mode, pressing "SPACE" with any character on the keyboard enters that character followed by a space into the document. This mode can keep you from accidentally moving to a different part of the document by pressing"SPACE" plus any characters that are navigation commands. Typing Mode is especially useful for fast typists.
Typing Mode is a toggle. To enable Typing Mode from within a document, press "F4+K". The same key combination will exit Typing Mode.
Enhanced JAWS Support
Function keys on the Braille EDGE 40 should produce the same results as their QWERTY keyboard equivalents: Escape, Tab, Control, Alt, Insert, Shift, Windows and Applications.
Exam Mode
Exam Mode locks the Braille EDGE 40 in terminal mode, so that it may be used as a Braille display for a student using a computer designed to facilitate standardized testing. Exam Mode requires that a password be entered so that the function cannot be exited without entering the same password. The computer must contain a screen reader compatible with HIMS Braille displays for Braille input and output to be possible.
Terminal Mode is the mode in which the notetaker serves as a Braille Terminal (Braille display) for a screen reader. The screen reader outputs the screen information in Braille to the device, and translates keystrokes from the Braille keyboard into text and commands the computer can understand. This Braille access provides a truly accessible testing environment for the student.
We have left specific instructions out of this release note and the Braille EDGE 40 user manual in an attempt to keep it out of the hands of students. Please email HIMS at info@hims-inc.comfor instructions for using Exam Mode.

If you have any questions, please call HIMS Technical Support at (888) 520-4467 Option 2 or e-mail them at:


I recently learned that the OPTACON has an active users' list, places to repair them, and a movement to get a new OPTACON type machine created. If you are interested, here is some information.

OPTACON Repair in the U.S.

Richard Oehm
Oehm Electronics
SAN JOSE, CA 95122-3617
Tel: 408-971-6250
FAX: 408-271-9188


To subscribe to the OPTACON users' list, send an e-mail with the word subscribe in the subject to:
optacon-l-request at
by replacing the word "at" with the @ (at) sign.

Bible Study Resources

I recently discovered a Ministry that is providing a vast array of Bible Translations, study materials and reading materials for free to print disabled people. It is called Optasia Ministry. Here is a partial quote from his web site:

Our Vision:
We aim to provide resources that will help equip Christians with disabilities to serve in Christ's church.

We provide biblical study tools and other ministry resources in a digital form that can be read by screen reading computer software, giving persons with visual disabilities access to materials that are not usable for them in print form. A list of available material is listed on our web site or is available by contacting us.

Because we are operating under the Chafee Amendment of the US copyright law we are able to provide copyrighted material free to those who qualify for our services. Those wishing to receive our material will be asked to affirm that they have a visual disability or other disability that necessitates the use of the alternative formatted documents we provide.

Optasia Ministry web site

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